Mosquitoes, the vicious little biters that scare us more than vampires every season. There are several thousand species of mosquitoes across the US but not every species is a primary vector of diseases. A lot of species have also been isolated in Connecticut.
For example, WNV has been isolated from 18 different species of mosquitoes in Connecticut and only five currently carry the danger of transmission. Below is a breakdown of these bloodsuckers with scientific names and inhabitants.
Aedes Albopictus is a multivoltine species found in 25 states in America.
Albopictus was first discovered in 1985 in Houston tx and rapidly spread through the southern united states, the second mass discovery was discovered in mass 2000. Most family members of this species are opportunist breeders including Ae. albopictus. They are capable of breeding in natural as well as artificial resources/ inhabitants. Aedes species can exceptionally adapt to a wide range of confined water areas for breeding. They have the ability to survive and multiply in less water density such that it requires only 1/4″ of depth to complete their life cycle. Aedes Albopictus is also known as the Asian White tiger mosquito and is a known vector of chikungunya virus, dengue virus, and dirofilariasis.
Aedes cinereus is the common late spring and early summer mosquitoes that feed on humans and other mammals. Cinereus of the Aedes family is a univoltine species that multiples in an enormous number during the month of May. The larvae of this species can be found in late April and May in leather leaf marshes and tussock. The species is often collected by experts in the month of June. They often reappear in summer and a large population hovers around humans following the heavy rains in the months of August and September.
It is one of the most common species to find in summer. considered as the pest of humans and other mammals aedes vegan has several generations throughout each season. They can reproduce in a wide variety of pools and temporary wetlands, which means the population increases at its finest in summer. Aedes vexans are the carrier of EEE from birds to humans. About one-third of infected people die, making EEE one of the most deadly diseases caused by mosquitoes affecting individuals of all ages.
In the cases of EEE an individual experiences sudden high fevers, headaches, vomiting, and chills, additionally a severe case also includes disorientation, seizures, and commas. The survivors of EEE suffer from brain damage as well which can be mild to severe.
Coquillettidia perturbations is another vicious species responsible for spreading EEE in birds, humans, and other mammals. The Perturbans mosquitoes are usually found during mid-June to mid-august. The vicious biters are also known inhabitants of the home. The Coquillettidia perturbations are very impervious to control because the larvae inhabit unusual places such as attached to the submerged cattails roots and other aquatic plants. The larvae are specifically hard to control and eliminate with pesticides.
The pipiens of Culex are guilty of spreading the West Nile virus as a primary vector. They are commonly found around the year and primarily feed on birds. one of the traits of Culex pipiens is that they only bite motionless humans, usually while sleeping. Culex has the ability to reproduce in polluted water sources and water-holding containers as well.
The Culex species are known as the house mosquitoes and restuans are considered the primary vector of WNV and lymphatic filariasis. The species are very common in the eastern and central United States. In the typical life cycle of Culex restuans, the inseminated females enter hibernation during fall and pass the winter in hibernation as well. The species utilizes several water sources to lay eggs including clean to polluted water confined places. The CLux colonizes ground pools during summers and can be found in tire water which could be absolutely clean with no sign of devoid leaf litter.
Another vicious better known to spread diseases in animals and humans is the Ochlerotatus Canadensis. The spices are commonly found during late spring and in summer. considered a fierce biting pest, the larvae are copious during the late spring and during summers they are occasionally found in swamp borders, grassy hummock areas, and woodland pools. These mosquitoes are technically long-lived and possible suspects in the transmission of heartworm to dogs and EEE from birds to humans.
Out of 2500 species found in the territory of Connecticut, these are just a few species to mention. The family tree of mosquitoes is rather diverse and near the active seasons, it is rather important to control them through pesticides or for better health insurance use Non-Toxic Mosquito Control CT. Certain mosquitoes are also evolving and inhabiting new surroundings such as laying eggs in clean confined water or migrating/ spreading from one state to another. This situation is to remain cautious and updated about the mosquitoes in your state.